Gout and pseudogout

A condition that usually affects men between the age of 30 and 60 usually caused by an unhealthy diet and lifestyle

About gout and pseudogaut

Gout is the most common type of inflammatory arthritis, caused by crystal deposits in your joint. Pseudogout is caused by a different type of crystal deposit. Both can cause severe, sudden joint pain especially at the base of your big toe. Pain usually comes on very quickly. Future damage to joints can be avoided with treatment.

Need to know

  • Symptoms of gout and pseudogout icon plus

    Symptoms may include:

    • severe, sudden pain in any joint but usually the big toe, fingers, wrists, elbows or knees
    • red, hot and/or swollen skin over the affected joint
    • the affected joint feeling very tender to the touch
  • Diagnosis icon plus

    Your consultant will speak to you about your symptoms and perform a physical examination of your joints. They may also suggest some, or all, of the following tests to confirm diagnosis:

    • blood tests
    • an X-ray of the affected joint
    • a synovial fluid exam.

    This involve taking fluid samples from a joint through a needle and examining them under a microscope for urate crystals. 

  • Potential treatment options icon plus

    Possible treatments include:

    • urate lowering drugs
    • to reduce the uric acid levels in your blood
    • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

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This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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