Neuropathic pain


Chronic neuropathic pain is caused by nerve damage, which may have happened many years earlier

Enquiries & Appointments

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What is neuropathic pain?

If you have neuropathic pain you may experience burning, aching or electric shock sensations in the parts of the body supplied by the affected nerve. You may also experience pins and needles, numbness and weakness. Unlike most types of pain, neuropathic is usually unresponsive to common painkillers.

Need to know

  • pain with burning, crushing 'electrical shocks' involving the skin supplied by the nerve
  • lack of function and feeling might be associated
Your consultant will perform a physical examination of the affected area. This will involve testing your reflexes, strength and sensitivity. They may also request imaging (x-ray, CT or MRI) tests to check if you have an underlying cause for the condition. They may refer you to a neurologist for further tests including: - Nerve conduction test (NCT). Electrodes are attached to your skin to stimulate your nerves. The speed and strength of your nerve signal is monitored. - Electromyography (EMG). A needle is inserted into your muscle to measure its electrical activity.
Finding the underlying cause of your neuropathic pain is key to identifying successful treatment options. The nerve might need to be decompressed and released or even repaired through surgery.

Types of neuropathic pain

Sensory neuropathy

This refers to damage to the nerves that carry messages of touch, temperature and other sensations to the brain.

Motor neuropathy

This refers to damage to the nerves that control movement.

Autonomic neuropathy

This refers to damage to the nerves that control bodily processes such as bladder function, digestion and blood pressure monitoring.


This refers to damage to a single nerve outside of the central nervous system (CNS).

Our Neuropathic pain locations

Institute of Sport Exercise and Health (ISEH)

Institute of Sport Exercise and Health (ISEH)

170 Tottenham Court Road W1T 7HA London
The Harley Street Clinic

The Harley Street Clinic

35 Weymouth Street W1G 8BJ London
The Portland Hospital

The Portland Hospital

205-209 Great Portland Street W1W 5AH London
The Princess Grace Hospital

The Princess Grace Hospital

42-52 Nottingham Place W1U 5NY London
The Lister Hospital

The Lister Hospital

Chelsea Bridge Road, SW1W 8RH London
The Shard Outpatients

The Shard Outpatients

The Shard, 32 St Thomas Street SE1 9BS London

Patient stories

This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.