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Endometriosis

A condition where the endometrial tissue develops outside the womb, commonly on the organs in the abdomen and pelvis

About

Endometrial tissue is usually only found in the womb. Endometrial tissue found elsewhere in the body responds to hormones as it would in the womb. The tissue swells, breaks down and bleeds and is unable to pass from the body during menstruation. Instead the surrounding tissue becomes inflamed and causes pain, often leading to scarring.

Need to know

  • Symptoms of endometriosis icon plus

    • pain in your lower tummy or back (pelvis) that usually gets worse during your period
    • intense period pain that interrupts your day-to-day activities
    • pain during and/or after sex
    • pain when urinating or passing stools during your period
    • sickness, upset stomach or blood in your urine during your period
    • fertility problems
  • Diagnosis icon plus

    Your consultant will ask you about your symptoms. Once you are feeling comfortable they may perform a physical examination of your vagina and tummy. If they are unable to determine whether you have endometriosis they may refer you for some tests:

    • An ultrasound. This is to detect endometrial tissue elsewhere in the body than the womb.
    • Keyhole surgery. Your consultant may pass a thin tube with a camera through a small cut in your skin so they can look for any endometrial tissue.

    It can be difficult to diagnose endometriosis. Symptoms vary considerably and may appear similar to other conditions.

  • Potential treatment options icon plus

    Unfortunately, there is no cure for endometriosis, but symptoms can be managed with the following treatments:

    • over-the-counter painkillers
    • hormone medicines and contraceptives
    • keyhole surgery to remove the endometrial tissue found elsewhere in the body
    • surgery to remove part or all of the organs affected by endometriosis, such as the womb (hysterectomy)
Consultant in theatres

Our consultants

From complex surgery to straightforward procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

Our facilities

From complex surgery to straightforward procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

  • The Portland Hospital

    The Portland Hospital

    205 - 209 Great Portland Street

    London

    W1W 5AH

    Children's enquiries 020 7390 8020
    Maternity enquiries 020 7390 6068
    Gynaecology enquiries 020 7390 6200

  • London Bridge Hospital Facility

    London Bridge Hospital

    27 Tooley Street

    London

    SE1 2PR

    Appointments and Enquiries 020 7234 2009
    Imaging Appointments. 020 7234 2773
    Switchboard 020 7407 3100

  • The Lister Hospital Facility

    The Lister Hospital

    Chelsea Bridge Road

    London

    SW1W 8RH

    Appointments 020 7811 4000
    Enquiries 020 3131 4978

  • The Wellington Hospital

    The Wellington Hospital

    Wellington Place

    London NW8 9LE

    Appointments 0207 483 5148
    Enquiries 020 3131 7478

  • facility-HSC-flag-hero-582x582

    The Harley Street Clinic

    35 Weymouth Street

    London

    W1G 8BJ

    Appointments 020 7034 8181
    Enquiries 020 3131 7962

  • facility-pgh-hero-579x579

    The Princess Grace Hospital

    42-52 Nottingham Place

    London W1U 5NY

    Appointments 020 7908 8001
    Enquiries 020 3130 6833

Request an appointment

We're happy to help you make an appointment with one of our experienced consultants.

This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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