Testicular cancer

Testicular cancers are also known as germ cell tumours. Germ cells produce sperm in men. At HCA UK we have a team of specialists who are experts in the treatment of testicular cancer. Seminoma and non-seminoma tumours are the most common types of testicular cancers.

Types of testicular cancer


Seminomas are a common type of testicular cancer, usually occurring in men aged between 25 and 55.


Non-seminomas are another common type of testicular cancer, usually affecting younger men aged between 15 and 35.


Teratoma is a rarer type of testicular cancer falling under the non-seminoma category. It can be pure teratoma, or it can have cells mixed with other types of non-seminomas.

Embryonal carcinoma

Embryonal carcinoma is a rare type of germ cell tumour that falls under the non-seminoma testicular cancer category.


Choriocarcinoma is a rare type of germ cell tumour that is usually categorised as non-seminoma.

Yolk sac tumour

Yolk sac tumours are a rare type of germ cell tumour that fall under the non-seminoma testicular cancer category.

Mixed tumours

Some testicular cancer tumours have both seminoma cells and non-seminoma cells. These are called mixed tumours.

Need to know

  • Symptoms of testicular cancer icon plus

    Symptoms of testicular cancer may include:

    • a lump or swelling in the testicle
    • a heavy scrotum
    • discomfort or pain in a testicle or the scrotum

    It is important to check your testicles regularly for any lumps or swellings. These symptoms can often be related to a number of non-cancerous conditions. If you experience any of these symptoms it is important to see your GP so that a referral and diagnosis can be made as quickly as possible. Testicular cancer can be curable, especially if diagnosed early.

  • Diagnosis icon plus

    We offer a number of investigations and tests to confirm a diagnosis of testicular cancer, including:

    • blood tests
    • utrasound scan
    • MRI scan

    If you are diagnosed with testicular cancer you will have immediate access to world-class cancer specialists and expert care.

  • Treatment options icon plus

    Your consultant will talk you through your diagnosis and treatment options in detail, helping you to make an informed decision about your care. They can also advise you on fertility preservation options including sperm banking. Treatment options include:

    • surgery
    • chemotherapy
    • radiotherapy

    At HCA UK you will be looked after by a multidisciplinary team, including expert consultants, Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNSs) and supportive therapists including psychologists who can help you with your emotional wellbeing.

Our consultants

We're proud to work with leading experts across a range of medical fields, whose skills are matched by their integrity and compassion.

Our facilities

From complex surgery to straightforward procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

Book an appointment

Our team can help with any enquiries or you can make an appointment with one of our experienced consultants.

Call us today

020 7079 4344
This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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