Bladder cancer

When a tumour develops in the cells that make up the lining of the bladder.

Should you be diagnosed with bladder cancer, we're dedicated to providing you with the highest level of bespoke treatment and care, led by our team of oncology experts

Types of bladder cancer

Transitional cell bladder cancer

This is the most common type of bladder cancer and is also known as urothelial bladder cancer. It starts in the cells in the bladder lining and may be non-invasive or invasive.

Squamous cell bladder cancer

Squamous cell cancer is a rarer type of bladder cancer. A very small percentage of bladder cancers in the UK are squamous cell cancers. It is usually invasive.


A very rare type of bladder cancer, which is usually invasive. A very small percentage of people diagnosed with bladder cancer have it.


A very rare type of cancer that starts in the bladder muscle or other structural tissues rather than the bladder lining. These are called sarcomas.

Small cell cancer of the bladder

This is a very rare type of bladder cancer. Treatment may involve chemotherapy and radiation or chemotherapy and surgery.

Secondary bladder cancer

This is when cancer that has started somewhere else in the body has spread to the bladder. For example, it may have spread from ovary, cervix, womb, prostate or rectum cancer. This is not very common.

Need to know

  • What are the symptoms of bladder cancer? icon plus

    • blood in your urine (haematuria)
    • pain; usually a burning sensation when you pass urine
    • pain in the lower back or tummy
    • urinating frequently 

    These symptoms can often be related to a number of non-cancerous conditions. If you experience any of these symptoms it is important to see your GP so that a referral and diagnosis can be made as quickly as possible.

  • How is bladder cancer diagnosed? icon plus

    There are various tests that can be carried out to diagnose bladder cancer. These include: - Cystoscopy - a procedure used to look inside the urethra and bladder - CT or MRI scan If you are diagnosed with bladder cancer you will have immediate access to world-class cancer specialists and expert treatment and care.
  • Treatment options icon plus

    Your consultant will talk you through your diagnosis and treatment options in detail, helping you to make an informed decision about your care. - Surgery - Open and non-invasive surgery - Transurethral resection (TURBT) - Cystectomy - Chemotherapy - Radiotherapy At HCA Healthcare UK you will be looked after by a multidisciplinary team, including expert consultants, clinical nurse specialists and supportive therapists , this includes psychologists who can support your emotional well-being.

Our bladder specialists

We're proud to work with leading oncologists and urologists who specialises in managing and treating bladder cancer, and whose skills are matched by their integrity and compassion.

Our locations

From complex oncology surgery to procedures to diagnose, treatment and manage cancer, we provide exceptional cancer care services across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

Contact our experienced cancer team

Any questions about our cancer services or treatment? We're happy to advise you or help you book an appointment in London, Birmingham or Manchester with a cancer specialist consultant.

Call us on 

020 7079 4344
This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
back to top