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Varicocele (Testicular lumps)

Testicular swelling

Lumps or swelling in the testicles (balls) should be checked by a consultant

About

Lumps or swelling in the testicles are not usually an indication of anything serious. However, it could be a sign of testicular cancer. This is easy to treat if caught early.

You should always see your consultant if you find:

- a lump in your testicles
- a change in the shape, feel or size of your testicles
- an ache in your testicles that doesn't go away

Need to know

  • Symptoms of Varicocele icon plus

    Your consultant will be able to advise you about the symptoms you have. Most causes of Varicoceles are harmless, such as a build-up of fluid (cyst) or swollen veins in the testicles (varicocele). But sometimes they can be a sign of something serious, such as testicular cancer. If you get a sudden unbearable pain in your testicles or tummy you should seek immediate help through accident and emergency. This could be the result of a twisted testicle and needs urgent treatment.
  • Diagnosis icon plus

    To find the cause of your testicular lump or swelling your consultant may: - look at and feel your testicles - shine a light through the bag of skin containing your testicles (scrotum) to check for a build-up of fluid - you for a testicular ultrasound scan
  • Potential treatment options icon plus

    Treatment depends on the cause. You might not need treatment if it doesn't cause any problems and isn't getting worse. If it's painful or very big, you may be referred to a specialist for an operation to drain, shrink or remove the infected testicle. If testicular cancer is suspected you'll be referred to an oncologist for tests, diagnosis and advice on treatment.
Consultant in theatres

Our consultants

We're proud to work with leading experts across a range of medical fields, whose skills are matched by their integrity and compassion.

Our facilities

From complex surgery to straightforward procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

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    The Princess Grace Hospital

    42-52 Nottingham Place

    London W1U 5NY

    Appointments 020 3131 7216
    Enquiries 020 3130 6833

  • London Bridge Hospital Facility

    London Bridge Hospital

    27 Tooley Street

    London

    SE1 2PR

    Appointments and Enquiries 020 7234 2009
    Imaging Appointments 020 7234 2773
    Switchboard 020 7407 3100

  • The Portland Hospital Facility

    The Portland Hospital

    205 - 209 Great Portland Street

    London

    W1W 5AH

    Childrens enquiries 020 7390 8020
    Maternity enquiries 020 7390 6068
    Gynaecology enquiries 020 7390 6200

Request an appointment

We're happy to help you make an appointment with one of our experienced consultants.

This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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