Patellofemoral pain syndrome

Anterior knee pain

If you are a young adult that suffers from acute knee pain you may be diagnosed with patellofemoral syndrome

What is patellofemoral syndrome?

Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a term used to describe pain at the front of your knee and around the kneecap (patella). The pain and stiffness can make it difficult to perform everyday activities such as using stairs, kneeling and squatting.

Need to know

  • What are the symptoms of anterior knee pain? icon plus

    • Pain that may get worse after prolonged periods standing, running or engaging in other impact sport. In the most severe cases everyday activities such as using the stairs and kneeling can be very painful.
    • Crunching, clicking or a grating sensation that you can feel and/or hear in your knee. It may get worse when you bend or straighten your knee.
  • Diagnosing patellofemoral pain syndrome icon plus

    Your consultant will make a diagnosis based on a detailed conversation with you about your medical history, lifestyle, general level of health and any activities (sports) you like doing; your symptoms; and a physical examination of your knee.

  • Potential treatment options icon plus

    • Physiotherapy with a specialist who can provide you with specific exercises to improve your range of movement, strength and endurance. Your physiotherapist will design a programme of exercises for you to undertake at home on a regular basis as well as having regular outpatient appointments.
    • Orthotics that are either custom made for you or purchased 'off the shelf'.Splints, braces and inserts can help to align and stabilise your foot and ankle, taking the stress off your knee.
    • Lifestyle modification, such as weight management, and footwear.

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This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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