Chronic kidney disease (CKD)

Long term kidney disease

​Renal consultants at HCA UK can diagnose and offer advanced treatment for chronic kidney disease

What is chronic kidney disease?

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-term condition where the kidneys don't work as well as they should. It often occurs in older people and can get worse over time. It's possible to manage the disease and live a normal life.

Need to know

  • Symptoms of chronic kidney disease icon plus

    It can be hard to detect chronic kidney disease as there are few symptoms during the early stage.

    As the disease progresses, symptoms may include:

    • weight loss and poor appetite
    • swollen ankles, feet or hands
    • shortness of breath
    • tiredness
    • blood in the urine
    • urinating less frequently or more frequently in cases of infection or diabetes
    • difficulty sleeping
    • itchy skin
    • muscle cramps
    • feeling sick
    • headaches
    • erectile dysfunction

    This stage of CKD is known as kidney failure, end-stage renal disease or established renal failure.

  • How is chronic kidney disease diagnosed? icon plus

    You may be tested for chronic kidney disease if you have an underlying illness such as diabetes. If you're displaying symptoms of CKD, your consultant may order the following tests:

    • blood test: this measures a waste product called creatinine in the blood — it used to determine how many millimetres of waste your kidneys filter in a minute.
    • urine test: this checks levels of creatinine and protein in your urine

    Other diagnostic tests are ultrasound and CT scans, which show any blockages to the kidney, and a biopsy, which determines damage.

  • Potential treatment options icon plus

    There's no cure for chronic kidney disease but treatment can help relieve the symptoms and stop it getting worse. The main treatments are:

    • lifestyle changes: to ensure you remain as healthy as possible
    • medication: to control associated problems, such as high blood pressure and cholesterol, calcium supplements and phosphate binders as indicated
    • Dialysis and Holiday Dialysis: treatment to replicate some of the kidney's functions, which may be necessary in advanced CKD
    • kidney transplant: this may also be necessary in advanced CKD

Our renal consultants

At HCA UK we have renal consultants who specialise in managing conditions of the kidneys including chronic kidney disease. 

Our locations

From complex kidney surgery to specialist renal procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

Book an appointment

Our team can help with any enquiries or you can make an appointment with one of our experienced consultants.

Call us today

020 7079 4344
This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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