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Angina

Chest pain caused by a reduction in the flow of blood to the heart muscles

A symptom of pain, tightness or heaviness in the chest, but often in the arm, jaw or upper abdomen

About angina

Angina is usually caused by inadequate blood supply to the heart after the coronary arteries become narrowed. Other conditions like aortic stenosis, anaemia or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can cause angina.

Need to know

  • What are the symptoms of angina? icon plus

    Angina usually presents as chest pain during exercise, especially with exposure to cold weather, or when exercising after a meal. For a small minority of people, it can even be triggered at rest or when they are sleeping.

    If you haven't yet been diagnosed with angina and you experience this type of chest pain, see your doctor or, if it occurs at rest, call 999 immediately.
  • Diagnosing angina icon plus

    In order to confirm a diagnosis of angina, your consultant will talk through your symptoms with you. They will measure your blood pressure, check your cholesterol and carry out other tests such as an ECG, a cardiac stress test and a coronary angiogram.
  • Potential treatment options icon plus

    After a detailed assessment, angina may be treated with a combination of drugs to control the symptoms. When an attack occurs, treatment takes the form of a nitrate, which is sprayed under the tongue and works by dilating the arteries in the body to reduce the work the heart has to do. You may also be given a small dose of daily aspirin.

    It may be necessary to treat the condition using coronary angioplasty and stenting or coronary artery surgery.

Consultant in theatres

Our cardiologists

We're proud to work with leading cardiac experts, whose skills are matched by their integrity and compassion.

Our locations

From complex cardiothoracic surgery to test and diagnostic procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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