Hormone replacement therapy

HRT

A treatment used to restore female hormone levels to their normal amounts to reduce the symptoms of menopause

About

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a treatment used to relieve the symptoms of the menopause. It replaces hormones that are at a lower level as you approach the menopause. Most menopausal symptoms pass on their own after a few years, but can be very uncomfortable during this time. 

Need to know

  • What happens icon plus

    Your consultant will administer the most appropriate type of hormone replacement therapy for you. Most women take a combination of oestrogen and progestogen. Women who don't have a womb can take oestrogen on its own. Depending on what your consultant deems the most suitable method for you, you may be given tablets, skin patches, gel, vaginal cream or pessaries (a prosthetic device). This medication can be taken continuously without a break, or in cycles where you take oestrogen continuously and only take progestogen every few weeks.
  • How to prepare icon plus

    Your consultant will let you know how best to prepare for your treatment.
  • Afterwards icon plus

    You may experience some side effects after you first start treatment. This may include breast tenderness, teaches, nausea, indigestion, abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding. This should pass, but it may take several weeks for the effects of the treatment to become apparent. You will need to have a follow-up appointment with your consultant to discuss whether the therapy is helping you sufficiently. If not, your medication may be adjusted.

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This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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