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Mitral valve stenosis

Mitral valve disease

If you are experiencing mitral valve problems, our HCA UK cardiology experts can help to diagnose and treat you

About

Mitral stenosis occurs when your mitral valve doesn't open as widely it should. The flow of blood through the heart may then become restricted. For milder cases, your consultant may recommend medications. Similar to mitral regurgitation, surgery may be required to correct the valve in more severe cases. 

Need to know

  • Symptoms of mitral stenosis icon plus

    Early symptoms might include:

    • dizziness
    • tiredness / fatigue
    • breathlessness
    • chest pain
    • coughing of blood

    Rheumatic heart disease is the only common cause of mitral stenosis. Initially the heart can become inflamed due to infection. This may cause the mitral valve to harden, preventing blood flowing naturally from the heart. If left untreated, you may then experience the following:

    • atrial fibrillation (irregular heartbeat)
    • pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the blood vessels supporting the lungs)
    • heart failure (the heart is unable to pump enough blood around the body)
  • Diagnosis icon plus

    Your consultant will discuss your symptoms with you and help to make a diagnosis. Tests we offer to diagnose include:

    • chest X-ray
    • electrocardiogram (ECG) to measure the heart's electrical activity and heartbeat
    • echocardiogram to assess any issues on the inside of the heart
  • Potential treatment options icon plus

    Your consultant will discuss your treatment options and help to determine the best approach for you. These may include:

    • medications to control symptoms
    • ongoing medication to ensure the stenosis is not getting any worse
    • mitral valve repair known as a balloon valvuloplasty

    If balloon valvuloplasty is not possible, surgical options such as mitral valve replacement, might have to be considered.

Consultant in theatres

Our consultants

We're proud to work with leading experts across a range of medical fields, whose skills are matched by their integrity and compassion.

Our facilities


From complex surgery to straightforward procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

  • The Portland Hospital Facility

    The Portland Hospital

    205 - 209 Great Portland Street

    London

    W1W 5AH

    Children's enquiries 020 7390 8020
    Maternity enquiries 020 7390 6068
    Gynaecology enquiries 020 7390 6200

  • London Bridge Hospital Facility

    London Bridge Hospital

    27 Tooley Street

    London

    SE1 2PR

    Appointments and Enquiries 020 7234 2009
    Imaging Appointments 020 7234 2773
    Switchboard 020 7407 3100

  • Wellington-south-hero-facility-582-582

    The Wellington Hospital

    Wellington Place

    London NW8 9LE

    Appointments 0207 483 5148
    Enquiries 020 3131 7478

  • facility-HSC-flag-hero-582x582

    The Harley Street Clinic

    35 Weymouth Street

    London

    W1G 8BJ

    Appointments 020 7034 8181
    Enquiries 020 3131 7962

Request an appointment

We're happy to help you make an appointment with one of our experienced consultants.

This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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