Endometriosis

Can be a chronic and debilitating condition that causes painful or heavy periods.

A condition where the endometrial tissue develops outside the womb, commonly on the organs in the abdomen and pelvis

What is endometriosis?

Endometrial tissue is usually only found in the womb. Endometrial tissue found elsewhere in the body responds to hormones as it would in the womb. The tissue swells, breaks down and bleeds and is unable to pass from the body during menstruation. Instead the surrounding tissue becomes inflamed and causes pain, often leading to scarring.

Need to know

  • What are the symptoms of endometriosis? icon plus

    • pain in your lower tummy or back (pelvis) that usually gets worse during your period
    • intense period pain that interrupts your day-to-day activities
    • pain during and/or after sex
    • pain when urinating or passing stools during your period
    • sickness, upset stomach or blood in your urine during your period
    • fertility problems
  • How is endometriosis diagnosed? icon plus

    Your consultant will ask you about your symptoms. Once you are feeling comfortable they may perform a physical examination of your vagina and tummy. If they are unable to determine whether you have endometriosis they may refer you for some tests:

    • An ultrasound. This is to detect endometrial tissue elsewhere in the body than the womb.
    • Keyhole surgery. A camera will be used by the consultant to investigate and assess the extent of endometriosis in the womb.     

    It can be difficult to diagnose endometriosis. Symptoms vary considerably and may appear similar to other conditions.

  • What are the treatment options for endometriosis? icon plus

    Unfortunately, there is no cure for endometriosis, but symptoms can be managed with the following treatments:

Our gynaecology consultants

Consultant gynaecologists specialising in endometriosis provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

Patient consultation

Our gynaecological locations

From common gynaecological conditions to specialist complex endometrial surgery, we provide exceptional gynaecological care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

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020 7079 4344
This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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