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Tendonitis

Inflammation of the tendon

Injuries which can cause aches, stiffness or swelling around the tendons in your hands, feet, arms and legs

About

Tendonitis, also known as tendinitis, is a condition in the arms and legs and a common sports injury. It tends to affect the parts of the body that regularly come under greater stress, such as the shoulders among swimmers or the Achilles tendon in basketball players and runners.

Need to know

  • Symptoms of tendonitis icon plus

    You'll usually notice some or all of the following:

    • aches or pain in the tendon, such as in the elbow, shoulder, knee or ankle
    • stiffness or difficulty moving the tendon
    • swelling, redness or a heat sensation
    • a grating or crackling sensation
    • a visible lump or knot around the affected joint
  • Screening and diagnosis icon plus

    Your consultant will examine the area and will want to know about your exercise routine. They may ask questions about your lifestyle, as higher levels of general stress can also be a factor in experiencing tendonitis. In certain cases, you may have additional tests, like an X-ray to check that you don't have a fracture.
  • Potential treatment options icon plus

    Most tendonitis treatment combines rest, monitoring and returning to exercise gradually. Physiotherapy could help you with this process. Managed correctly, tendonitis usually heals within six to eight weeks. If your symptoms persist, your consultant may recommend steroid injections, shockwave therapy or even surgery to repair the tendon. Our sports medicine specialists can advise you on your specific requirements.

Types of tendonitis

Tendinosis

Also known as chronic tendonitis, this condition is when the cells in your tendon are damaged, making it more prone to injury.

Epicondylitis

This affects the elbow, and is often known as tennis elbow when it affects the outside of the elbow, or golfer's elbow when it occurs on the inside.

Patellar tendonitis

This is known as Jumper's knee, and affects the tendons around the kneecap or patella.

Calcific tendonitis

This condition is caused by a build-up of calcium on the tendons, which usually affects the shoulder.

De Quervain's disease

This type of tendonitis affects the two tendons that help move the thumb, and can cause pain, swelling or a lack of movement.

Achilles tendonitis

This is one of the most common types of tendonitis, and causes pain and stiffness at the back of the ankle and the heel.
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From complex surgery to straightforward procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

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This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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