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Kidney cancer

Kidney cancer starts in the kidneys, which are part of your body’s urinary system. If you are diagnosed with kidney cancer you will have immediate access to our world-leading consultants and state-of-the-art hospitals

About kidney cancer 

There are two main types of kidney cancer. The most common are renal cell cancers (RCC) and the second most common type are transitional cell cancers (TCC). Kidney cancer usually only affects one kidney, but rarely it can affect both kidneys. Kidney cancer is more common in men than women, and the risk of developing it increases with age.

Need to know

  • Symptoms of kidney cancer icon plus

    Small kidney cancers don’t always have symptoms. They are often diagnosed by chance while undergoing tests or scans for unrelated medical reasons. But there are some things you can look out for:

    • A continuously high temperature
    • Unexplained weight loss
    • Increased sweating during the night
    • Tiredness
    • A subdued pain in your side
    • Spasms in the bladder or uterus. These are painful and are a result of blood clots
    • Blood in the urine. This may be a sporadic, happening often or from time to time. It may not be visible to the eye and only detected by a urine test
    • A lump around the kidney area
  • Diagnosis icon plus

    Kidney cancer is often diagnosed while undergoing tests or scans for another medical reason. Possible tests you may have include:

    • blood tests
    • CT scan
    • MRI scan
    • an image-guided biopsy

    If you are diagnosed with kidney cancer you will have immediate access to world-class cancer specialists and expert care.

  • Treatment options icon plus

    Your consultant will talk you through your diagnosis and treatment options in detail, helping you to make an informed decision about your care. Treatments offered include:

    • Surgery – we offer the latest open and minimally invasive surgical techniques
    • Tumour ablation
    • Embolization
    • Targeted (biological) therapies

    At HCA UK you will be looked after by a multidisciplinary team, including expert consultants, Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNSs) and supportive therapists including psychologists who can help you with your emotional wellbeing.

Types of kidney cancer

Renal cell cancer

The most common type of kidney cancer is known as renal cell adenocarcinoma or hypernephroma. There are different types of renal cell adenocarcinoma. The most common type is clear cell renal cancer.

Transitional cell cancer of the kidney or ureter

This starts in cells called transitional cells of the renal pelvis. This is the part of the kidney where urine collects before it goes down to the ureter to the bladder. This cancer is rare.

Wilms’ tumour

Also known as nephroblastoma, this is a type of kidney cancer that mostly affects children. It is most common in children under five but sometimes can appear in older children and adults.
Cancer care consultants

Our consultants

From complex surgery to straightforward procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

Our facilities

From complex surgery to straightforward procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

Request an appointment

We're happy to help you make an appointment with one of our experienced consultants.

This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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