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Interstitial lung disease

ILD

Interstitial lung disease ecompasses a range of different conditions. Our respiratory experts can diagnose and treat you

About

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) describes a range of conditions, most of which cause scarring to lung tissue. These include idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary vasculitis and hypersensitive pneumonitis. These can cause breathing difficulties as not enough oxygen gets into your blood. Our respiratory experts can help to diagnose and treat you.

Need to know

  • Symptoms of interstitial lung disease icon plus

    Symptoms of ILD might include: - Breathlessness - Dry cough - Weight loss
  • Diagnosis icon plus

    Your consultant will discuss your symptoms with you and help to make a diagnosis. Tests we offer to diagnose interstitial lung disease include: - Blood tests to detect protein and antibodies identified in ILDs - X-ray or CT scan to show images of your chest and lungs - Echocardiogram to help visualise any abnormalities in your heart - Pulmonary function tests. These include spirometry to assess how much air you lungs can hold, and oximetry to measure oxygen levels in your blood - A bronchoscopy where a flexible tube with a camera is passed into your lungs. A sample of your lung tissue is taken
  • Potential treatment options icon plus

    Treatment options we offer you for interstitial lung disease include: - Medication to slow progression of ILD - Oxygen therapy to assist with breathing and reduce high blood pressure - Pulmonary rehabilitation to help with your everyday life. This includes breathing exercises and diet recommendations - In very severe cases where medication hasn't helped, lung transplant surgery may be considered. You consultant would of course speak with you in detail about this as a potential procedure

Types of interstitial lung disease

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)

People with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis experience scarring of their lungs. This results in an increasing difficulty with breathing over time.

Pulmonary vasculitis

If you have pulmonary vasculitis then the blood vessels in your lung have become inflamed or destroyed. This can be caused by other lung conditions.

Hypersensitive pneumonitis (HP)

Hypersensitive pneumonitis is an inflammation of your lung's alveoli. It happens when you breathe in particles that contaminate the alveoli.

Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis is a condition where an abnormal collection of inflammatory cells form lumps called granulomas. These form on the lungs and other organs.
Consultant in theatres

Our consultants

We're proud to work with leading experts across a range of medical fields, whose skills are matched by their integrity and compassion.

Our facilities

From complex surgery to straightforward procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

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    The Princess Grace Hospital

    42-52 Nottingham Place

    London W1U 5NY

    Appointments 020 3131 7216
    Enquiries 020 3130 6833

  • Wellington-south-hero-facility-582-582

    The Wellington Hospital

    Wellington Place

    London NW8 9LE

    Appointments 0207 483 5148
    Enquiries 020 3131 7478

  • London Bridge Hospital Facility

    London Bridge Hospital

    27 Tooley Street

    London

    SE1 2PR

    Appointments and Enquiries 020 7234 2009
    Imaging Appointments 020 7234 2773
    Switchboard 020 7407 3100

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    The Harley Street Clinic

    35 Weymouth Street

    London

    W1G 8BJ

    Appointments 020 7034 8181
    Enquiries 020 3131 7962

  • The Portland Hospital Facility

    The Portland Hospital

    205 - 209 Great Portland Street

    London

    W1W 5AH

    Children's enquiries 020 7390 8020
    Maternity enquiries 020 7390 6068
    Gynaecology enquiries 020 7390 6200

Request an appointment

We're happy to help you make an appointment with one of our experienced consultants.

This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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