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Asthma

Our leading HCA respiratory experts can work with you to diagnose asthma and devise a preventative treatment programme

About

People with asthma (asthmatics) have sensitive, inflamed airways which become irritated by certain triggers. When this happens, the muscles around the airways constrict and the lining of the airways swell, making it hard to breathe. Asthma affects people of all ages and is often a hereditary condition.

Need to know

  • Symptoms of asthma icon plus

    Symptoms of asthma range from mild to severe and include: - wheezing or whistling sound - coughing - shortness of breath - tight chest - trouble sleeping When these symptoms are acute, you may be having an asthma attack - call 999. Causes Asthma can be caused by allergies, such as pollen, pet hair and dust mites. Often, asthma triggers vary from person-to-person and it may take a combination of triggers to cause asthma or set off an attack. Illness affecting the lungs such as a cold or flu can also trigger asthma. Exercise or exertion may also cause a flare-up. Asthmatics may need to take their reliever inhalers more frequently during this time.
  • Diagnosis icon plus

    Your consultant will discuss your symptoms with you and help to make a diagnosis. They may order pulmonary (lung) function tests to see how much air is moving in and out of your lungs as you breathe. These tests may include: - Spirometry: this helps calculate whether your bronchial tubes have narrowed by measuring how much air you can breathe out after a deep breath. - Peak flow: measures how fast you can breathe out after a deep breath. A low reading may suggest that your symptoms are getting worse and that your lungs aren't functioning properly. Your consultant may also suggest imaging to ensure your lungs aren't blocked.
  • Potential treatment options icon plus

    Controlling your asthma with medication is the best way to prevent attacks. Your consultant will help you find which triggers affect your breathing and how best to avoid them. This is called an asthma action plan. You may need to take preventative inhalers every day to manage your symptoms. Flare-ups can be controlled through quick-relief inhalers. Allergy shots or antihistamine medication can help reduce your sensitivity to triggers and reduce the likelihood of an attack. Bronchial thermoplasty may be an option for people with severe asthma.
Consultant in theatres

Our consultants

We're proud to work with leading experts across a range of medical fields, whose skills are matched by their integrity and compassion.

Our facilities

From complex surgery to straightforward procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

  • facility-pgh-hero-579x579

    The Princess Grace Hospital

    42-52 Nottingham Place

    London W1U 5NY

    Appointments 020 3131 7216
    Enquiries 020 3130 6833

  • Wellington-south-hero-facility-582-582

    The Wellington Hospital

    Wellington Place

    London NW8 9LE

    Appointments 0207 483 5148
    Enquiries 020 3131 7478

  • London Bridge Hospital Facility

    London Bridge Hospital

    27 Tooley Street

    London

    SE1 2PR

    Appointments and Enquiries 020 7234 2009
    Imaging Appointments 020 7234 2773
    Switchboard 020 7407 3100

Request an appointment

We're happy to help you make an appointment with one of our experienced consultants.

This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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