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Abnormal vaginal bleeding

If you're experiencing heavy or unexpected periods, our gynaecology experts may be able to help

About

Vaginal bleeding is the result of menstruation (a period) and usually happens every 21 to 35 days. Bleeding between normal periods is considered abnormal. Abnormal vaginal bleeding can range from light 'spotting' to a heavy flow. If you're experiencing unexpected periods, our gynocology experts may be able to help.

Need to know

  • Causes of abnormal vaginal bleeding icon plus

    Abnormal vaginal bleeding can be caused by a number of things, including:

    • vaginal dryness brought on by menopause
    • vaginal injury as a result of sex
    • an inflamed or infected cervix
    • STIs like chlamydia and gonorrhoea
    • non-cancerous tumours
    • hormonal changes brought on by a thyroid problem
    • stopping or starting birth control pills
    • taking an emergency contraceptive pill
    • a recent abortion
  • Diagnosis icon plus

    Your GP or consultant will discuss your symptoms with you and help to make a diagnosis. They may carry out a physical examination of your vaginal wall and birth canal. If necessary, they may take samples to test for STIs, or recommend other tests. These tests may include a pregnancy test, thyroid blood test, abdomen ultrasound or an endometrial biopsy.
  • Potential treatment options icon plus

    If your GP or consultant are able to find a cause for your symptoms, they'll discuss your treatment options with you.
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From complex surgery to straightforward procedures, we provide exceptional care across our network of hospitals, outpatient centres and specialist clinics.

Request an appointment

We're happy to help you make an appointment with one of our experienced consultants.

This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.
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