What are anti-cancer therapies?

Anti-cancer therapies are types of treatment used to treat and prevent cancer. The main anti-cancer therapies are chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery. Other anti-cancer therapies including targeted therapies and immunotherapies are newer types of treatment that are proving effective for certain types of cancer.

Radiotherapy and chemotherapy continue to be highly effective in treating bowel cancer and combined with surgery are the main standard therapies. New technologies and treatment techniques mean that this is an ever-advancing area of medicine.

Anti-cancer therapies at HCA UK

New and emerging therapies

Professor Tobias Arkenau, Consultant Medical Oncologist from The Sarah Cannon Research Institute and Dr Kai Keen Shiu, Consultant Medical Oncologist at Leaders in Oncology Care, share their insights into the advancements in genomic testing, immunotherapy and targeted therapies.
Latest bowel cancer advancements

What is genomic testing?

Genomic testing is a type of advanced diagnostic testing, referred to as molecular diagnostics. These tests look at the behaviour of the genes within your specific tumour tissue. The behaviour of these genes determines how likely the cancer is to grow and spread. It can also provide consultants with an insight into which treatment options may be most effective for your individual tumour.

These genomic insights may identify additional treatment options such as immunotherapy or access to new and emerging therapies through clinical trials.


What is a clinical trial?

A clinical trial is a research study that compares how effective different treatments are. There are different types of clinical trials, but they are all highly regulated and closely monitored to ensure safety. Access to clinical trials means you may be one of the first people to benefit from a new treatment, but as with any treatment, you can’t be sure of the outcome.

If your consultant thinks you may benefit from a clinical trial, they will discuss this with you in detail so that you can make an informed decision about taking part.

GP with patient

Looking for a second opinion?

If you have been diagnosed with cancer, whether or not you have started treatment, a second opinion can give you reassurance and peace of mind.  

Our second opinion service is led by expert consultants. They will provide a comprehensive review of your current and past medical history, to identify the best treatment options for you. This review may identify new treatment options or simply confirm that you are already receiving the best treatment. Either way, it can help you make an informed decision about what is best for you.

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