Testicular cancer

Testicular cancers are also known as germ cell tumours. Germ cells produce sperm in men. At HCA UK we have a team of specialists who are experts in the treatment of testicular cancer. Seminoma and non-seminoma tumours are the most common types of testicular cancers.

Enquiries & Appointments

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Types of testicular cancer


Seminomas are a common type of testicular cancer, usually occurring in men aged between 25 and 55.


Non-seminomas are another common type of testicular cancer, usually affecting younger men aged between 15 and 35.


Teratoma is a rarer type of testicular cancer falling under the non-seminoma category. It can be pure teratoma, or it can have cells mixed with other types of non-seminomas.

Embryonal carcinoma

Embryonal carcinoma is a rare type of germ cell tumour that falls under the non-seminoma testicular cancer category.


Choriocarcinoma is a rare type of germ cell tumour that is usually categorised as non-seminoma.

Yolk sac tumour

Yolk sac tumours are a rare type of germ cell tumour that fall under the non-seminoma testicular cancer category.

Mixed tumours

Some testicular cancer tumours have both seminoma cells and non-seminoma cells. These are called mixed tumours.

Need to know

Symptoms of testicular cancer may include:

  • a lump or swelling in the testicle
  • a heavy scrotum
  • discomfort or pain in a testicle or the scrotum

It is important to check your testicles regularly for any lumps or swellings. These symptoms can often be related to a number of non-cancerous conditions. If you experience any of these symptoms it is important to see your GP so that a referral and diagnosis can be made as quickly as possible. Testicular cancer can be curable, especially if diagnosed early.

We offer a number of investigations and tests to confirm a diagnosis of testicular cancer, including:

  • blood tests
  • utrasound scan
  • MRI scan

If you are diagnosed with testicular cancer you will have immediate access to world-class cancer specialists and expert care.

Your consultant will talk you through your diagnosis and treatment options in detail, helping you to make an informed decision about your care. They can also advise you on fertility preservation options including sperm banking. Treatment options include:

  • surgery
  • chemotherapy
  • radiotherapy

At HCA UK you will be looked after by a multidisciplinary team, including expert consultants, Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNSs) and supportive therapists including psychologists who can help you with your emotional wellbeing.

Our Testicular cancer locations

The Harley Street Clinic

The Harley Street Clinic

35 Weymouth Street W1G 8BJ London
University College Hospital Private Care

University College Hospital Private Care

Grafton Way Building, 1 Grafton Way WC1E 6AG London
Private Care at Guy's

Private Care at Guy's

London Bridge Hospital Private Care at Guy's SE1 9RT London
The Shard Outpatients

The Shard Outpatients

The Shard, 32 St Thomas Street SE1 9BS London
The Wellington Hospital

The Wellington Hospital

8A Wellington Place NW8 9LE London
The Christie Private Care

The Christie Private Care

Wilmslow Road M20 4BX Manchester

Patient stories

This content is intended for general information only and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional.